Medieval cell doctrine as the origin of Western models of brain function

Harry WHITAKER
Northern Michigan University


Medieval cell doctrine originated in Aristotle’s cognitive model and was further developed in the 5th century by the early church fathers and in the 10th century by Avicenna. From the 11th to the 17th centuries MCD not only explained brain function, it accounted for the sequelae of brain injury. The major components of MCD are (a) Formation of the mental image, (b) Cognitive operations on the mental image, (c) Storing the mental image in memory, (d) Information Transfer (movement) and (e) Localization in the brain.


18th Century Neuroscience Symposium -- Function in the "Long" 18th Century: The Transition from Medieval Cell Doctrine to Cortical Localization Doctrine
[Poster Session]
Saturday, 26 June 2004, 9:00 am - 6:30 pm

Ninth Annual Meeting of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences (ISHN)

Montreal, Quebec, Canada