A Nobel pursuit: Celebrating 100 years of excellency in experimental brain research, 1906-2006
Joseph M. McKEDDIE
For their research concerning the structure of the nervous system, Camillo Golgi (1843-1926) and Santiago Ramon y Cajal (1852-1934) were jointly awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Today, one-hundred years later, the Royal Carolinian Institute of Stockholm has awarded more Nobel Prizes for experimental brain research than any other field of medicine. This paper, a centennial commemoration of this achievement, invites the reader to embark on a journey into the discoveries that have defined twentieth-century neuroscience. From the controversial histology of Golgi and Cajal to the fascinating neuropsychology of Roger Sperry (1913-1994) and beyond, the period 1906-2005 has been one of increasing diversity and growth for the neurosciences as we celebrate in retrospect what may truly be defined as "the century of the brain".
Pavia, Italy, 2006