Tradition and actuality -- 150 years of neuroanatomical teaching in Romania

D.S. Antohe, P. Bordei, and H. Varlam
Iasi, Romania

In Romania, as well as in other European countries, sciences concerning the nervous system were not considered a distinct chapter, being practiced and taught by general medicine. Witnesses about the preoccupation on the nervous diseases were found in many writings of the Middle Age. The development of the anatomy and physiology in Europe reflects also at the courts of the Romanian princes where the first real medical schools developed. In a manuscript of 8 "books" from 1760 the pathology of the brain (headaches, epilepsy, loss of conscience) is considered at large. In the first textbook of anatomy and physiology in Romanian language (1830), the description of the nervous system and its functions is comparable with other European writings in the same field. In fact, editions from the Fabrica of Vesalius (1555, Basel and 1568, Venice) are also found in libraries of Romania. Medical teaching, including anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system, develops in the same time with the appearance of the first hospitals, around churches, in the beginning of the 18th century. After the formation of the Romanian Principates, in 1859, and the foundation of the first universities in Iåi and Bucharest, the modern era of the medical teaching in Romania begins. The scientific activity is confirmed by a lot of textbooks, articles, conferences of Romanian doctors and professors, such as Gh. Marinescu, C.I. Parhon, formed especially at the universities from France and Italy.

Poster Session II
Friday, 20 June 1997, 16.10 - 16.40

Second Annual Meeting of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences (ISHN) and 6th Meeting of the European Club on the History of Neurology (ECHN)

Leiden, The Netherlands