Dementia prior to Aloïs Alzheimer

M.J. Al-Aloucy
H˘pital Victor Hugo, Pierrefitte, France

In 1910 Emil Kraepelin gave the name "Alzheimer's disease" to the presenile dementia described for the first time by his friend Alzheimer, and gradually the term of Alzheimer's disease or dementia of Alzheimer-type, came to be used by the majority of authors to describe all forms of progressive dementia. From Periclès and Socrates, to Shakespeare and Baudelaire, various poets, philosophers, prophets, and doctors have all tried to understand progressive dementia. Senile atrophy of the brain was noted in 1st century BC and sclerotic plaques in the brain of demented elderly patients have been described many years before the description of Alzheimer. We study the clinical and the pathological portrait of dementia during the period preceding Alzheimer's description.

Poster Session II
Friday, 20 June 1997, 16.10 - 16.40

Second Annual Meeting of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences (ISHN) and 6th Meeting of the European Club on the History of Neurology (ECHN)

Leiden, The Netherlands