Life and work of the German psychiatrist and neurologist Alfred Hauptmann

Ekkehardt KUMBIER and Kathleen HAACK
Psychiatric Department, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany

The mostly unknown biography and the scientific development of Alfred Hauptmann (1881-1948) as Jewish psychiatrist and neurologist are described. During the Nazi era some Jewish German psychiatrists and neurologists emigrated to the United States and worked there for the a number of years or the rest of their lives. Thus there are man individual life histories of former German psychiatrists and neurologists in the U.S.A.. We intend to review Hauptmann's life and work before and after emigration, complemented by some interesting details.

In Freiburg, Hauptmann started his scientific work as Alfred Hoch's assistant at the hospital of psychiatry and neurology at Freiburg University. In 1912 the clinical use of phenobarbital in epileptic therapy was first mentioned by Hauptmann. In memory of this most important work, the Alfred-Hauptmann-Prize for research on epilepsy is awarded by the International League against Epilepsy.

This poster focuses on Hauptmann's life and work as director of the Clinic for Nervous Diseases at Halle University from 1926 to 1935 and his subsequent emigration in connection with the historical conditions after 1933. Hauptmann was dismissed in 1935 and arrested in 1938 in the Dachau concentration camp. With the help of Felix Georgi, a Swiss Jewish neurologist, he emigrated to Switzerland, England, and finally to the United States. After emigration he lived and worked until his death in Boston.

Session IV -- Poster Session 1
Friday, 15 June 2001, 9:00 - 10:00 am

Sixth Annual Meeting of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences (ISHN) and
Eighth Meeting of the European Club for the History of Neurology (ECHN)

Cologne, Germany