Gall's visit to the Netherlands

D. DRAAISMA1 and Paul ELING2
1Department of Psychology, State University Groningen; and 2Department of Psychology, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

In March 1805, Franz Joseph Gall left Vienna to start what has become known as his "cranioscopic tour". He traveled through Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands. His visit to the Netherlands has not yet received due attention. Gall was eager to go to Amsterdam since he was interested in the large collection of skulls of Petrus Camper, who was interested in physiognomy. Gall presented a series of lectures and reports of these can be found in a local newspaper and in a few books, published at that time. We will summarize this material. We will first outline what the Dutch knew about Gall's doctrine before his arrival. We will present a reconstruction of the contents of the lectures. Finally, we will discuss the reception of his ideas in the scientific community.


Session III -- Early 19th Century
Monday, 12 June 2000, 2:00 - 2:30 pm

Fifth Annual Meeting of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences (ISHN)

Providence, Rhode Island, USA